Thursday, 28 May 2015

Live Earthquake Map with Shiny and Google Map API

In the post Exchange data between R and the Google Maps API using Shiny I presented a very simple way to allow communication between R and javascript using Shiny.

This is an example of a practical approach for which the same system can be used. Here I created a tool to visualize seismic events, collected from USGS, in the Google Maps API using R to do some basic data preparation. The procedure to complete this experiment is pretty much identical to what I presented in the post mentioned above, so I will not repeated here.


The final map looks like this:


and it is accessible from this site, hosted on the Amazon Cloud: Earthquake

The colours of the markers depends on magnitude and they are set in R. For magnitudes below 2 the marker is green, between 2 and 4 is yellow, between 4 and 6 is orange and above 6 is red.
I also set R to export other information about the event to the json file that I then use to populate the infowindow of each marker.

The code for creating this map consists of two pieces, an index.html file (which needs to go in a folder names www) and the file server.r, available below:

Server.r
 # server.R  
 #Title: Earthquake Visualization in Shiny  
 #Copyright: Fabio Veronesi  
   
 library(sp)  
 library(rjson)  
 library(RJSONIO)  
   
    
 shinyServer(function(input, output) {  
   
 output$json <- reactive ({  
 if(length(input$Earth)>0){  
 if(input$Earth==1){  
 hour <- read.table("http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/summary/all_hour.csv", sep = ",", header = T)  
 if(nrow(hour)>0){  
 lis <- list()  
 for(i in 1:nrow(hour)){  
   
 if(hour$mag[i]<=2){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_green.png"}  
 else if(hour$mag[i]>2&hour$mag[i]<=4){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_yellow.png"}  
 else if(hour$mag[i]>4&hour$mag[i]<=6){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_orange.png"}  
 else {icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_red.png"}  
   
 Date.hour <- substring(hour$time[i],1,10)  
 Time.hour <- substring(hour$time[i],12,23)  
   
 lis[[i]] <- list(i,hour$longitude[i],hour$latitude[i],icon,hour$place[i],hour$depth[i],hour$mag[i],Date.hour,Time.hour)  
 }  
   
   
 #This code creates the variable test directly in javascript for export the grid in the Google Maps API  
 #I have taken this part from:http://stackoverflow.com/questions/26719334/passing-json-data-to-a-javascript-object-with-shiny  
    paste('<script>test=',         
       RJSONIO::toJSON(lis),        
       ';setAllMap();Cities_Markers();',        
       '</script>')  
 }  
 }  
   
 else if(input$Earth==4){  
 month <- read.table("http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/summary/all_month.csv", sep = ",", header = T)  
 if(nrow(month)>0){  
 lis <- list()  
 for(i in 1:nrow(month)){  
   
 if(month$mag[i]<=2){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_green.png"}  
 else if(month$mag[i]>2&month$mag[i]<=4){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_yellow.png"}  
 else if(month$mag[i]>4&month$mag[i]<=6){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_orange.png"}  
 else {icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_red.png"}  
   
 Date.month <- substring(month$time[i],1,10)  
 Time.month <- substring(month$time[i],12,23)  
   
 lis[[i]] <- list(i,month$longitude[i],month$latitude[i],icon,month$place[i],month$depth[i],month$mag[i],Date.month,Time.month)  
 }  
   
   
 #This code creates the variable test directly in javascript for export the grid in the Google Maps API  
 #I have taken this part from:http://stackoverflow.com/questions/26719334/passing-json-data-to-a-javascript-object-with-shiny  
    paste('<script>test=',         
       RJSONIO::toJSON(lis),        
       ';setAllMap();Cities_Markers();',        
       '</script>')  
 }  
 }  
   
   
 else if(input$Earth==3){  
 week <- read.table("http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/summary/all_week.csv", sep = ",", header = T)  
 if(nrow(week)>0){  
 lis <- list()  
 for(i in 1:nrow(week)){  
   
 if(week$mag[i]<=2){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_green.png"}  
 else if(week$mag[i]>2&week$mag[i]<=4){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_yellow.png"}  
 else if(week$mag[i]>4&week$mag[i]<=6){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_orange.png"}  
 else {icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_red.png"}  
   
 Date.week <- substring(week$time[i],1,10)  
 Time.week <- substring(week$time[i],12,23)  
   
 lis[[i]] <- list(i,week$longitude[i],week$latitude[i],icon,week$place[i],week$depth[i],week$mag[i],Date.week,Time.week)  
 }  
   
   
 #This code creates the variable test directly in javascript for export the grid in the Google Maps API  
 #I have taken this part from:http://stackoverflow.com/questions/26719334/passing-json-data-to-a-javascript-object-with-shiny  
    paste('<script>test=',         
       RJSONIO::toJSON(lis),        
       ';setAllMap();Cities_Markers();',        
       '</script>')  
 }  
 }  
   
   
   
   
 else {  
 day <- read.table("http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/feed/v1.0/summary/all_day.csv", sep = ",", header = T)  
 if(nrow(day)>0){  
 lis <- list()  
 for(i in 1:nrow(day)){  
   
 if(day$mag[i]<=2){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_green.png"}  
 else if(day$mag[i]>2&day$mag[i]<=4){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_yellow.png"}  
 else if(day$mag[i]>4&day$mag[i]<=6){icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_orange.png"}  
 else {icon="http://maps.gstatic.com/mapfiles/ridefinder-images/mm_20_red.png"}  
   
 Date.day <- substring(day$time[i],1,10)  
 Time.day <- substring(day$time[i],12,23)  
   
 lis[[i]] <- list(i,day$longitude[i],day$latitude[i],icon,day$place[i],day$depth[i],day$mag[i],Date.day,Time.day)  
 }  
   
   
 #This code creates the variable test directly in javascript for export the grid in the Google Maps API  
 #I have taken this part from:http://stackoverflow.com/questions/26719334/passing-json-data-to-a-javascript-object-with-shiny  
    paste('<script>test=',         
       RJSONIO::toJSON(lis),        
       ';setAllMap();Cities_Markers();',        
       '</script>')  
 }  
 }  
 }  
 })  
 })  
   


Index.html
 <!DOCTYPE html>  
 <html>  
 <head>  
 <title>Earthquake Visualization in Shiny</title>  
   
 <!--METADATA-->    
 <meta name="author" content="Fabio Veronesi">  
 <meta name="copyright" content="©Fabio Veronesi">  
 <meta http-equiv="Content-Language" content="en-gb">  
 <meta charset="utf-8"/>  
   
 <style type="text/css">  
   
 html { height: 100% }  
 body { height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0 }  
 map-canvas { height: 100%; width:100% }  
   
 .btn {  
  background: #dde6d8;  
  background-image: -webkit-linear-gradient(top, #dde6d8, #859ead);  
  background-image: -moz-linear-gradient(top, #dde6d8, #859ead);  
  background-image: -ms-linear-gradient(top, #dde6d8, #859ead);  
  background-image: -o-linear-gradient(top, #dde6d8, #859ead);  
  background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, #dde6d8, #859ead);  
  -webkit-border-radius: 7;  
  -moz-border-radius: 7;  
  border-radius: 7px;  
  font-family: Arial;  
  color: #000000;  
  font-size: 20px;  
  padding: 9px 20px 10px 20px;  
  text-decoration: none;  
 }  
   
 .btn:hover {  
  background: #f29f9f;  
  background-image: -webkit-linear-gradient(top, #f29f9f, #ab1111);  
  background-image: -moz-linear-gradient(top, #f29f9f, #ab1111);  
  background-image: -ms-linear-gradient(top, #f29f9f, #ab1111);  
  background-image: -o-linear-gradient(top, #f29f9f, #ab1111);  
  background-image: linear-gradient(to bottom, #f29f9f, #ab1111);  
  text-decoration: none;  
 }  
   
 </style>  
   
        
 <script type="text/javascript" src="http://google-maps-utility-library-v3.googlecode.com/svn/tags/markerclusterer/1.0/src/markerclusterer.js"></script>  
   
 <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?v=3.exp&signed_in=true&libraries=drawing"></script>  
   
 <script type="application/shiny-singletons"></script>  
 <script type="application/html-dependencies">json2[2014.02.04];jquery[1.11.0];shiny[0.11.1];ionrangeslider[2.0.2];bootstrap[3.3.1]</script>  
 <script src="shared/json2-min.js"></script>  
 <script src="shared/jquery.min.js"></script>  
 <link href="shared/shiny.css" rel="stylesheet" />  
 <script src="shared/shiny.min.js"></script>  
 <link href="shared/ionrangeslider/css/normalize.css" rel="stylesheet" />  
 <link href="shared/ionrangeslider/css/ion.rangeSlider.css" rel="stylesheet" />  
 <link href="shared/ionrangeslider/css/ion.rangeSlider.skinShiny.css" rel="stylesheet" />  
 <script src="shared/ionrangeslider/js/ion.rangeSlider.min.js"></script>  
 <link href="shared/bootstrap/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet" />  
 <script src="shared/bootstrap/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>  
 <script src="shared/bootstrap/shim/html5shiv.min.js"></script>  
 <script src="shared/bootstrap/shim/respond.min.js"></script>  
   
        
      <script type="text/javascript">  
      var map = null;  
      var Gmarkers = [];  
        
   
      function Cities_Markers() {  
             
           var infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow({ maxWidth: 500,maxHeight:500 });  
   
           //Loop to add markers to the map based on the JSON exported from R, which is within the variable test  
           for (var i = 0; i < test.length; i++) {   
                var lat = test[i][2]  
                var lng = test[i][1]  
                var marker = new google.maps.Marker({  
                     position: new google.maps.LatLng(lat, lng),  
                     title: 'test',  
                     map: map,  
                     icon:test[i][3]  
                });  
             
           //This sets up the infowindow  
           google.maps.event.addListener(marker, 'click', (function(marker, i) {  
                return function() {  
                     infowindow.setContent('<div id="content"><p><b>Location</b> = '+  
                     test[i][4]+'<p>'+  
                     '<b>Depth</b> = '+test[i][5]+'Km <p>'+  
                     '<b>Magnitude</b> = '+test[i][6]+ '<p>'+  
                     '<b>Date</b> = '+test[i][7]+'<p>'+  
                     '<b>Time</b> = '+test[i][8]+'</div>');  
                     infowindow.open(map, marker);  
                }  
                })(marker, i));  
           Gmarkers.push(marker);  
           };  
             
   
      };  
   
      //Function to remove all the markers from the map  
      function setAllMap() {  
           for (var i = 0; i < Gmarkers.length; i++) {  
                Gmarkers[i].setMap(null);  
           }  
 }  
        
      //Initialize the map  
      function initialize() {  
           var mapOptions = {  
           center: new google.maps.LatLng(31.6, 0),  
           zoom: 3,  
           mapTypeId: google.maps.MapTypeId.TERRAIN  
      };  
   
      map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById('map-canvas'),mapOptions);  
        
    
 }  
   
   
 google.maps.event.addDomListener(window, 'load', initialize);  
   </script>  
        
   
 </head>  
   
   
 <body>  
   
  <div id="json" class="shiny-html-output"></div>  
   
    
  <button type="button" class="btn" id="hour" onClick="Shiny.onInputChange('Earth', 1)" style="position:absolute;top:1%;left:1%;width:100px;z-index:999">Last Hour</button>  
  <button type="button" class="btn" id="day" onClick="Shiny.onInputChange('Earth', 2)" style="position:absolute;top:1%;left:10%;width:100px;z-index:999">Last Day</button>  
  <button type="button" class="btn" id="week" onClick="Shiny.onInputChange('Earth', 3)" style="position:absolute;top:1%;left:20%;width:100px;z-index:999">Last Week</button>  
  <button type="button" class="btn" id="month" onClick="Shiny.onInputChange('Earth', 4)" style="position:absolute;top:1%;left:30%;width:100px;z-index:999">Last Month</button>  
    
  <div id="map-canvas" style="top:0%;right:0%;width:100%;height:100%;z-index:1"></div>  
    
    
    
 </body>  
 </html>  
Created with CodeFormatter

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